An Introduction to Neural Information Processing by Peiji Liang, Si Wu, Fanji Gu

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By Peiji Liang, Si Wu, Fanji Gu

This e-book offers an outline of neural info processing learn, that is essentially the most very important branches of neuroscience this day. Neural info processing is an interdisciplinary topic, and the merging interplay among neuroscience and arithmetic, physics, in addition to info technology performs a key position within the improvement of this box. This ebook starts off with the anatomy of the relevant anxious procedure, via an creation to varied details processing types at diverse degrees. The authors all have large adventure in arithmetic, physics and biomedical engineering, and have labored during this multidisciplinary zone for a couple of years. They current classical examples of ways the pioneers during this box used theoretical research, mathematical modeling and computing device simulation to resolve neurobiological difficulties, and percentage their stories and classes discovered. The ebook is meant for researchers and scholars with a arithmetic, physics or informatics history who're drawn to mind study and prepared to appreciate the mandatory neurobiology and the way they could use their specialties to handle neurobiological difficulties. it's also presents suggestion for neuroscience scholars who're attracted to studying tips on how to use arithmetic, physics or informatics methods to resolve difficulties of their field.

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30 Fig. 7) Therefore, not only neuronal electric activities but also chemical substances play essential roles in neural information processing. Compared with electrical activities, chemical factors effect more broadly and last longer; they may adjust parameters of the nervous system. However, chemical effects have much less been considered in neural modeling than electrical activities. 26 2 Neurobiological Basis Underlying Neural Information Processing Brainstem The brainstem and thalamus are shown in Fig.

17). The axon with myelin sheath is called the myelinated axon, while the axon without myelin sheath is called the unmyelinated axon. For Golgi type II neuron, their axons are much shorter or even no axon at all. In addition, its cell body is smaller. Generally speaking, they only connect their neighboring neurons and do not contact neurons far away in the nervous system; 38 2 Neurobiological Basis Underlying Neural Information Processing a b 300 μm I Axonal tuft cell I II Chandelier cell II PC III DBC III Axoaxonic cell MgC Basket cell IV SS 1 IV SS 2 V Pyramidal cell V VI MC 30 μm 30 μm 10 μm VI Inhibitory synapse Fig.

Glial cells may also regulate the information transmission at synapses and even have some effect in synaptic formation (Fields 2004). These kinds of information exchanges may mainly depend on chemical signals; however, their detailed underlying mechanisms and the exact roles the glial cells play in neural information processing are still unclear. 3 Electrical Characteristics of Neurons In ancient times, people thought there were some spirit flows in hollow nerves to make muscles contracting. Such ideas were given up only after the great Italian physician Luigi Galvani (1737–1798) found that it was electrical signals rather than the mysterious spirit that propagated along the nerve fibers and controlled muscle 42 2 Neurobiological Basis Underlying Neural Information Processing contract.

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