After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories by Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey

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By Robert Nola, Howard Sankey, R. Nola, H. Sankey

A few imagine that matters to do with medical strategy are final century's stale debate; Popper was once an suggest of method, yet Kuhn, Feyerabend, and others are speculated to have introduced the controversy approximately its prestige to an finish. The papers during this quantity express that matters in technique are nonetheless a great deal alive. many of the papers reinvestigate concerns within the debate over method, whereas others set out new ways that the controversy has built within the final decade. The e-book can be of curiosity to philosophers and scientists alike within the reassessment it presents of prior debates approximately procedure and present instructions of analysis.

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Finally there is an approach that can be broadly characterised as 'pragmatic'; it admits, contrary to nihilism, that there is a meta-methodological story to be told but it is different from either of the a priori or empirical approaches just mentioned. Aspects of the positions of Laudan, Rescher and Quine could be characterised under the heading of pragmatism. However not all methodologists we wish to consider fall neatly into one or other of these divisions, as will be seen. We begin by considering meta-methodologies which are a priori.

A third anti-ad hoc rule is introduced to combat the saving of theories by altering the meanings of their constituent terms. Though no rule is specifically proposed, Popper intends a two-part prescription. The first is that there be a rule requiring semantic stability of terms in hypotheses which are undergoing test. 22 All three anti-ad hoc rules have the same value of increasing testability. Why the three anti-ad hoc rules? Popper recognises that there is a view of scientific method which rivals his own and against which, unlike inductivism, he has no argument.

Kuhn 1970, p. 94) Later he speaks of paradigms 'as the source of the methods ... , p. 103). These and other passages tell us that methodological principles might hold within a paradigm but that there are no paradigm transcendent principles available. Thus it would appear that Lakatos was right to say THEORIES OF SCIENTIFIC METHOD 27 of paradigm change: 'in Kuhn's view scientific revolution is irrational, a matter for mob psychology' (Lakatos 1978, p. 91). By the time he came to write the 'Postscript' for the 1970 edition of his book, Kuhn effectively abandoned talk of paradigms in favour of talk of exemplars and disciplinary matrices.

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