A Theodicy of Hell by Charles Seymour (auth.)

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By Charles Seymour (auth.)

In A Theodicy of Hell Charles Seymour tackles probably the most tricky difficulties dealing with the western theistic culture: to teach the consonance among everlasting punishment and the goodness of God. Medieval theology tried to unravel the hindrance through arguing that any sin, regardless of how moderate, advantages never-ending torment. modern thinkers, nevertheless, are likely to put off the retributive aspect from hell totally. Combining ancient breadth with designated argumentation, the writer develops a singular figuring out of hell which avoids the extremes of either its conventional and smooth opponents. He then surveys the battery of objections ranged opposed to the potential for everlasting punishment and indicates how his `freedom view of hell' can stand up to the assault. The paintings could be of specific significance for these drawn to philosophy of faith and theology, together with lecturers, scholars, seminarians, clergy, and somebody else with a private wish to come to phrases with this perennially tough doctrine.

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Putnam's Sons, 1923) 395. Cited in Bernstein 109-111. 47. Lucretius, On the Nature of the Universe, trans. Ronald Latham (New York: Penguin, 1977) 30. 48. Lucretius 97-98. 49. The Academic Questions, Treatise de Finibus, and Tusculan Disputations, of Marcus Tullius Cicero, with a Sketch of the Greek Philosophers Mentioned by Cicero, trans. C. D. Yonge (London: George Bell and Sons, 1891) 289-290. Cited by Bernstein 115. 50. Cicero, Philippics, trans. D. R. Shackleton Bailey (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1986) 377.

B. Aquinas 1. Aquinas in Defense of Augustine Let us turn now to Aquinas, the next figure in our historical survey. Aquinas offers both traditional and original arguments in his defense of hell. As befitting a Catholic philosopher, Aquinas draws on the church fathers as his source for the traditional position. For instance, he cites approvingly the arguments of Augustine we have already examined, while expanding them in interesting ways. At Q. 99 Art. 1 he says That the punishment inflicted by the earthly state is not deemed everlasting is accidental, either because man endures not forever, or because the state itself endures not forever, or because the state itself comes to an end.

27. Plutarch 191. 28. Plutarch's Moralia, vol. VII, trans. Phillip H. : Harvard University Press, 1959) 279. 29. Plutarch 281. 30. Plutarch 279. 31. Bernstein 78. 32. Plato, Gorgias 525 b,c, trans. W. D. Woodhead, Plato: The Collected Dialogues, ed. Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns (Princeton: Princeton up, 1989) 305. 33. Bernstein 154-202. 34. Ezek. 32: 22-32. 35. Bernstein 173. 36. Bernstein 174. The Biblical passage is Dan. 12: 1-10. 37. Homer,Iliad, trans. E. V. Rieu (New York: Penguin, 1982) 407.

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