By Nicole Nau
Latgalian is a nearby language of Latvia in significant Europe, on a regular basis utilized by an envisioned variety of 150,000 audio system. Genetically it belongs to the jap Baltic department of Indo-European. whereas its shut dating to Latvian is obvious in uncomplicated vocabulary and inflectional morphemes, there also are major transformations within the phonology, morphology and syntax of the 2 languages, as a result of divergent improvement in the course of the seventeenth - nineteenth c., whilst Latgalia used to be politically and culturally separated from different Latvian territories. in addition, touch with Slavic languages (Polish, Belarusian, Russian) has performed a major position within the background of Latgalian.
Typologically salient positive aspects of Latgalian comprise morphophonological concord with an competition of again vs. entrance vowels and tender (palatalized or alveolar) vs. not easy consonants, a wide stock of non-finite verb kinds, genitive vs. accusative marking of direct gadgets, dative marking of fundamental center arguments in a number of buildings, using non-finite predicates in represented speech, and the lifestyles of a different logophoric pronoun relating the speaker of a pronounced discourse.
Nicole Nau is professor of Baltic languages and linguistics at Adam Mickiewicz collage in Pozna?, Poland. She is usually the writer of LWM 217: Latvian.
ISBN 9783862880553. Languages of the World/Materials 482. 120pp. 2011
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Extra resources for A short grammar of Latgalian
With the third type, the variant -om- is used with verbs which build finite present tense forms according to the a-conjugation and have infinitives ending in -eit (dareit 'do' , skaiteit 'read'). The participles have several functions, the 13 forms with agreement markers that do not inflect for case are called "partly declinable participles" in the Latvian tradition. 4). The attributive and the passive participles are fully declinable, they also inflect for case and definiteness (like adjectives).
In example (63) this voice can be heard quite literally - reading this sentence aloud, the second clause would be marked by intonation as reported (represented) discourse. In example (64), on the other hand, it is only the content of the clause, the statement expressed by it, that is attributed to another voice. As the oblique is not used often in the modern texts I investigated, I cannot give a more accurate account of its functions, thus further research is needed. In traditional texts, especially legends, folk beliefs, sayings the oblique marks information as obtained by tradition, by "what people say".
OS) brigade. 'After finishing studies at the polytechnic I went after BEING orderED to work at the Sovhoz of Rezekne, but they didn't accept me [genitive] there when they heard that I would be called into the army. ' (Sus, OS) Genitive of indefinite quantity: Mass nouns as direct objects often appear with . PL vusk-u. ' (KurS) (146} Piec tehnikuma beigsonys piec nusyutiejuma braucu struoduot iz Rezeknis sovhozu, a tT mane napijeme, kai izzynova, ka mani Tsauks dinet armeja. out:PST:3 to dzeivoj live:PRS:3 A case probably related is genitive marking of objects of infinitives as complements of the verb gribet 'want', again competing with accusative marking (cf.