A Lexical Description of English for Architecture: A by Begoña Soneira

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By Begoña Soneira

This publication deals a radical lexical description of an English for particular reasons (ESP) type, English for structure, via a homemade corpus. As different wisdom groups, structure practitioners have a particular discourse and a linguistic identification in their personal. either are conveyed via particular linguistic realizations, and are of substantial curiosity within the box of ESP. The corpus used used to be designed for the aim of describing and studying the most lexical good points of structure Discourse from 3 assorted views: word-formation, loanword neology and semantic neology, that are the 3 major foundations of lexis. in an effort to learn all fabrics a database of virtually 3 thousand entries used to be produced, together with an outline and class of each note from the corpus thought of proper for the research. because of this system the lexical personality of structure language is eventually printed in reference to the linguistic id of its practitioners.

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Dwell 18. Gabion- Hugh Pearman 19. Icon Magazine 20. New London Architecture 21. Building Design Table 2. Sources 32 As far as the linguistic origin of texts, all the publications are AngloSaxon (more precisely North-American, British, Irish, Canadian and Australian) in order to avoid non-native speaker’s interferences; as we may observe in the chart below, North American is by far the most representative of all varieties: Figure 3. Origin of journals. As derived from the explanations above, the main methodological platform of this study is the qualitative and quantitative analysis of the corpus compiled for this specific purpose.

Some examples include satellite city as in satellite city expansion, Shingle style as in Shingle style houses or Portland cement in Portland cement mortar: (20) “Absorption” is concerned with satellite city expansion and regional sponges. It will look at increased pressure triggering the development of previously ignored ambiguous and interstitial space. ) (21) The Palladian window, obligatory for all Shingle Style houses, is centered in the master bedroom. ) (22) Twenty-five years ago, contractors, engineers, and owners typically chose to repoint with a strong Portland cement mortar, so as to avoid ever having to do the work again.

This secondary group provided texts that are in general less institutional and targeted for architecture students/practitioners therefore it complements the first set of texts. 499 words (about twelve thousand per journal), thus completing an overall figure slightly over half a million words, which is the total amount of the corpus. 649 Table 1. Words per journal. As shown in the table above, there have been 9 primary sources which in turn led to other 12 sources: RIBA Journal, for example, suggested the links such as Architecture Show Magazine, Gabion-Hugh Pearman or Icon Magazine, etc.

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