A grammar of Yurakaré by Erik van Gijn

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By Erik van Gijn

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When a vowel is deleted, as exemplified in (40), C1 becomes the coda of the preceding vowel. (40) VC1VC2V >> VC1V C2V Gemination in these circumstances occurs in two cases: when C1 and C2 are identical (cf. (38)b), or when C1 is a consonant that cannot be in the coda of a syllable (cf. (38)a), when no other adapting process takes place (cf. 1 above). In all other cases, there is no gemination as a result of elision, cf. (39). 5). 4. In environments where the occurrence of geminate sounds cannot be explained, I consider these to be base‐generated.

Jo. x (. x) (. x) ti.  jo. >> ti. In (51)a main stress falls on the penultimate syllable, while in (51)b it falls on the antepenultimate syllable. The reason for this difference is that when you start counting iambic (right dominant) feet from left to right you end up with a different rightmost dominant node. In the a‐example the final dominant node coincides with the final node of the stress domain, in the b‐example there is one syllable left that cannot be attached to a node, considering the extrametricality of the word‐final syllable.

For minimal pairs with /o/ and /Q/, see examples (25) and (26)above, respectively.  Still, Spanish mid vowels /e/ and /o/ are often adapted: (28) kutÉSilu < Sp. kutÉSi¥o ‘knife’ a®3uS dulsi simana tumati ki®3inku < Sp. ar˘os < Sp. dulse < Sp. semana < Sp. tomate < Sp.  Quechua does not have mid vowels, and often adapts Spanish mid vowels by pronouncing them higher. The mid vowels /e/ and /o/ are often (but not always) pronounced higher in unstressed, and especially word final position in Spanish loanwords.

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