By Abraham Mendis Gunasekara
Excerpt from A complete Grammar of the Sinhalese Language: tailored for using English Readers and Prescribed for the Civil carrier Examinations
HE absence of a accomplished Grammar of the Sinhalese Language suited for the necessities of English readers instructed to me a few years in the past the desirability of getting ready this kind of paintings.
The manuscript used to be accomplished in June, 1885. In 1888 sanction was once received for its being published on the Govern ment Press. due to the fact then a variety of reasons have not on time its factor.
Whatever relaxation i've been capable, as a central authority respectable, to commit to literary paintings, has no longer been spared in a conscientious endeavour to render the e-book useful of its item. I humbly belief that my efforts haven't been altogether unsuccessful.
In the practise of the current Grammar i've got availed myself of a number of works on Sinhalese Grammar, via either old and smooth authors. it's been written in a kind top tailored to fit those people who are acquainted with eu Grammars. as a result of the multiplicity of ex amples and causes, and the creation of a few subject no longer maybe strictly appertaining to the province of a Grammar, yet prone to be of use, its scope has handed the limits initially meditated.
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Additional resources for A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations
E. as the presence or absence of some property. Suppose the feature is [central]; absence of a property ‘central’ does not really make sense. e. e. a place (path or ground). The latter is fundamental. Thus, the simplest ‘events’ involve a place. If a terminal relation is involved, it is in addition to the place. Thus what we have called ‘terminal coincidence’ is more complex than ‘central coincidence’. If this relative complexity were expressed in structure, then central coincidence would involve a simple dyadic structure, like that deWned by the projection of the preposition in, as in the bracketed small clause of (66) for example: (66) With [the baby in bed] we can relax.
6¼ With Clint getting on his horse, . . e. derived s-structure subject) corresponds to an entity which moves or is arrayed along a path ending at the place denoted by the complement, like the related prepositions into and onto: (56) a. Frankie walked in(to) the room. b. Clint got on(to) his horse. But this is not the reading which comes through in the with-construction exempliWed in (55). Instead, in those examples the understanding is that the location of the entity denoted by the SpeciWer in the P-projection coincides in a certain sense with the place denoted by the complement.
We must assume that the same is true of the P-head in (42). But the category P is prototypically dyadic, necessarily projecting a speciWer. g. insertion of (42) into the complement of the canonical verbal conWguration—should be freely possible, leaving (44) unexplained. e. at the point of Wrst Merge. On this assumption, (42) presents no upper speciWer and, hence, Aspect: The Syntax of Argument Structure 31 cannot automatically transitivize. e. 2 True stative verbs To say that experiencer-subject verbs of the kind exempliWed in (36) (fear, knew, admired, liked, respected) are stative is probably inaccurate.