A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and by Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen

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By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen

The ebook includes a choice of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this booklet are all written inside a cognitive linguistics framework, focused round diverse linguistic features of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an advent to this major subject, offering a huge point of view and a common, theoretical history from observe grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the remainder ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic elements of the verb, illustrated via a number of languages and examine components, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe various facets of Norwegian - a language no longer past investigated at one of these scale inside cognitive linguistics. Norwegian deals precious contributions via being heavily on the topic of English, but differing in convinced very important and engaging methods. additionally, info from a number of different languages are incorporated, between others Italian, Russian, and diversified African languages, offering a much wider typological diversity.

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Since the repainting and the driving are to be interpreted with reference to the car, discourse will flow most smoothly if the pivot (coded by if) has the gram-matical role of subject, the natural starting point for conceptualizing the clausal process. The car however functions as patient with respect to these events, while the verbs select the agent as trajector and initial point of access. For this reason, the speaker resorts to the passive construction, in the case of repaint, and the "patient subject construction", in the case of drive (cf.

11 However, focusing and sequential access very similar to what is posited for verbs are quite evident at the level of clause-external topics, especially with multiple topics (cf. Lambrecht 1996): (32) Henri, ma cousine, il ne I'aime pas. ' Here there can hardly be any doubt that nominal referents are invoked as successive foci subsequently used to anchor the conception of a relationship in which they both participate. The same can be observed at the discourse level when topical participants are separately introduced and then described as interacting: (33) Jack came home late in the afternoon.

Whole verbpast suffix Figure 1 It is perhaps in this sense that Langacker (1990: 15) states that "linguistic knowledge is procedural rather than declarative". Activation is central to Cognitive Grammar, and the "structured inventory of conventional linguistic units" (1990: 15) which are activated is closely analogous to the network of concepts in Word Grammar. 2. Conceptual distance and the networked lexicon The conceptual distance between two concepts can be measured as the number of intervening links—a notion which would be meaningless if the same information was presented as a list of rules Language as a cognitive network 53 or propositions.

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